According to a special report, “Brain research and neuro science has proven that 98% of the brain develops in the first six years”. By now most parents know how crucial early learning and brain development is in the first few years of a child’s life. However, early learning and education not only has positive impacts on children, but on the economy as well. Countries such as USA, UK, Australia, and many others have made early learning compulsory and even free for at least 15 hours a week. In the United States, underprivileged and children and those coming from low-income households have access to free primary education under Federal Organisations such as Head Start. The goal was to provide opportunities for kids of every age, background, nationality, and home, so that where and when you start does not affect how far you will go.
Children that receive proper education in these formative years can grow to become the nation’s best assets and help their country grow and prosper. Nobel Laureate James Heckman, who has conducted impressive research on the benefits of Early Childhood Education, reveals that “Governments should do more for children aged 0 to 5 years old, especially those from disadvantaged backgrounds, and not wait till they get to ECE programs or primary school…They ignore a powerful body of research in the economics of human development”.
“Every Dollar invested in high quality early childhood programmes for disadvantaged children produces a 7 to 10 percent annual return on investment through increased productivity and lower social costs.”
Benefits of Early Childhood Education include reduced costs in healthcare, remedial education, and criminal activity down the line. Long term studies of ECE models reveal that after receiving early childhood education, kids have improved skills in language, literacy, cognitive development, social development, emotional, artistic and aesthetic development and overall, better health and physical development too. Preschools help build the foundation for educational success and improve the social skills of children by far. Analysis of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) showed that in a majority of countries, students who had attended pre-primary school, or at least one year of early learning, performed better than their peers who had not.